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QQ图片20210330155559.jpg   状元作文

管仲、鲍叔牙、齐桓公

2021-09-15

首先这三个人的人物故事本身关系比较混乱,很多考生一看到这个题就蒙了,有一种“我是谁,我在哪,我要做什么”的感觉。




在应试教育制度之下,课外阅读已经被严重压缩,其实这也侧面反映了现在应试教育制度之下,文化历史的缺失已经成了一种社会现象,这也是许多考生看到这题就头痛的原因,要想写好这一篇高考作文,首先必须要了解这三个人物之间的关系。


这三个人都是春秋时期的著名人物,其中齐桓公是春秋五霸之一,而管仲和鲍叔牙则是辅佐他的两位重要人物。


在这里需要先说一下故事背景,在春秋时期,周朝的势力已经大不如从前,由于周朝的分封制,导致各诸侯国势力渐起,各方诸侯都有了一争天下,自立为王的打算,于是纷纷吞并小国,以壮大自己。齐桓公、管仲、鲍叔牙三人就是在这样的大环境下成长起来的。



齐桓公当时是齐国的皇子,也就是公子小白,鲍叔牙是商人,管仲就是一个普通人,这三个人又是如何产生交集的呢?


这还得从他们的枢纽人物鲍叔牙讲起,鲍叔牙和管仲是发小,两人从小关系就不错,而鲍叔牙是商人出身,都说好兄弟有财一起发,当时管仲家境贫寒,又有老母要养老,管仲就跟着鲍叔牙一起做生意,靠着兄弟的实力也混上了小康的日子。


但明显管仲为人就有点不地道,每次做生意赚了钱,管仲总是要多拿,对此鲍叔牙从来没有责怪他,反而非常理解,认为他家中有老母要养,多拿一点钱是为了母亲。反而认为管仲这个人很单纯,很有孝心。



后来两人生意失败,便约定一起去当兵,上了战场之后,管仲却临阵脱逃,身边的士兵都嘲笑他,并且看不起他,只有鲍叔牙一如既往的支持他。并且还给周围的士兵解释说,管仲逃跑不是因为他贪生怕死,而是因为他家中有老母亲,所以逃跑是因为他有孝心,有责任心。


对于管仲来讲,鲍叔牙绝对是他的迷弟,管仲做什么出格的事情,鲍叔牙都能找到他正义的理由。


后来鲍叔牙追随了齐国公子小白,也就是后来齐桓公,管仲则跟随公子纠。后来齐国由于内部发生叛乱,公子小白和公子纠都外逃,当时公子纠逃到了鲁国,而公子小白则逃到了齐国的一个县城。




过了一段时间之后,齐国的内乱平息,此时齐国空虚,群龙无首,公子小白和公子就都明白,谁先回到齐国,谁就能成为齐王。由于公子纠逃到了鲁国,相对距离较远。就以路程而言,公子纠无论如何,也不可能比公子小白先到齐国。为了能够出奇制胜,公子纠派管仲去击杀公子小白。


管仲骑上快马前去追击,成功地拦住了公子小白,并一箭射中了他的肩膀,公子小白顺势倒地装死躲过了一劫。管仲以为完成了任务,便回到鲁国向公子纠复命。


公子小白顺利地回到了齐国,继承了王位,成了齐桓公。登基之后的公子小白,发誓一定要报着一箭之仇,准备派兵攻打鲁国。


而鲍叔牙则认为这样做不可以,首先公子小白作为继位之君,如果一继位就派兵攻打鲁国,会让其他国家认为公子小白是一个残暴的君主, 一上位就残杀亲兄弟,对他的风评不好。不如给鲁王写一封信,让他秘密处决公子纠,毕竟鲁国实力和齐国差太远,必定照此办理。



另一方面鲍叔牙认为公子纠可以死,但他身边的管仲确实是人才,应该重用,这一箭也是因为奉命而为,错不在管仲,如果杀他会后悔。鲍叔牙让齐桓公无论如何跟管仲见上一面,再决定是否杀他。


齐桓公半信半疑,最终决定跟管仲见上一面,齐桓公当场被管仲的才华所折服,并让管仲主持齐国变法,而鲍叔牙主持齐国内政。


在管仲和鲍叔牙的管理下,齐国一举成了春秋时期最强大的国家,为后来成为战国七雄奠定了雄厚的基础。


其实如果熟悉了这三个人的关系,写这篇文章还是比较容易的。而且也可以找到很多的素材点。



首先鲍叔牙与管仲相交之初,管仲所表现出来的贪财、怕死,这都与我们所倡导的与君子相交背道而驰,但这背后其实也说明,看事情并不能简单地从表面去看,而更应该探寻事情背后的真实原因。


这道题能出现在高考作文题当中,这也说明我们现在的教育并不是一味的倡导应试教育,而是多元发展,同时也可以看出国学文化越来越受到重视,从近几年中央台连续举办的《中国诗词大会》,《中国成语大会》也可以看出国学从来没有被遗忘,而是应该扎根于我们文化之中。

英语翻译

First of all, the relationship between the characters of these three people is rather chaotic. Many candidates get confused as soon as they see this question. They have a feeling of "who am I, where am I, what do I want to do".




Under the test-oriented education system, extracurricular reading has been severely compressed. In fact, this also reflects that under the current test-oriented education system, the lack of culture and history has become a social phenomenon. This is also a headache for many candidates when they see this question. The reason, if you want to write this college entrance examination composition, you must first understand the relationship between these three characters.


These three people are all famous figures in the Spring and Autumn Period. Among them, Qi Huangong is one of the five tyrants of the Spring and Autumn Period, while Guan Zhong and Bao Shuya are two important figures who assist him.


I need to talk about the background of the story first. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the power of the Zhou Dynasty was much worse than before. Due to the enfeoffment system of the Zhou Dynasty, the power of the princes gradually rose. So they annexed small countries one after another to strengthen themselves. Qi Huangong, Guan Zhong, and Bao Shuya grew up in this environment.



Qi Huangong was the prince of the Qi country at the time, that is, the son Xiaobai, Bao Shuya was a businessman, and Guan Zhong was an ordinary person. How did these three people intersect?


This has to be talked about from their hub character Bao Shuya. Bao Shuya and Guan Zhong were born in childhood. They had a good relationship since childhood. Bao Shuya was a businessman and said that good brothers had money together. At that time, Guan Zhong’s family was poor and his mother wanted him. Guan Zhong followed Bao Shuya to do business together for the elderly, relying on the strength of his brothers to get into a well-off life.


However, Guan Zhong is obviously a bit innocent. Every time he makes money from doing business, Guan Zhong always takes more money. Bao Shuya never blames him for this. Instead, he understands very well that he thinks he has an old mother to raise and he takes more money for the purpose Mother. Instead, he thinks Guan Zhong is very simple and very filial.



Later, their business failed and they agreed to join the army. After being on the battlefield, Guan Zhong escaped. The soldiers around him laughed at him and looked down upon him. Only Bao Shuya supported him as always. He also explained to the surrounding soldiers that Guan Zhong ran away not because he was greedy for life and fear of death, but because he had an old mother in his family, so he ran away because he was filial and responsible.


As far as Guan Zhong is concerned, Bao Shuya is definitely his obsessive brother, and Bao Shuya can find his just cause for anything extraordinary.


Later, Bao Shuya followed the son of Qi, Xiaobai, and later Qi Huan, and Guan Zhong followed the son to rectify. Later, due to an internal rebellion in Qi, Gongzi Xiaobai and Gongzijiao both fled. At that time, Gongzijiao fled to Lu State, while Gongzi Xiaobai fled to a county in Qi State.




After a period of time, Qi's civil strife subsided. At this time, Qi was empty and the dragons had no leader. Both the son Xiaobai and the son knew that whoever returned to Qi would become the King of Qi. Because the son had fled to Lu, the distance was relatively long. As far as the distance is concerned, no matter how far he goes, it is impossible for the son to get to Qi country before the son Xiaobai. In order to be able to win by surprise, the son-jong sent Guan Zhong to kill the son-in-law Xiaobai.


Guan Zhong rode on the fast horse to chase, and successfully stopped the son Xiaobai, and shot his shoulder with an arrow. The son Xiaobai fell to the ground and pretended to be dead and escaped. Guan Zhong thought that he had completed the task, so he returned to the state of Lu to rectify his life to the son.


The son Xiaobai returned to Qi smoothly, inherited the throne, and became Qi Huangong. After ascending to the throne, the son Xiaobai vowed to take revenge and prepare to send troops to attack Lu.


But Bao Shuya thinks that this is impossible. First of all, the son Xiaobai as the successor, if he sends troops to attack the Lu country as soon as he succeeds, it will make other countries think that the son Xiaobai is a cruel monarch, and kill his brother as soon as he takes the throne. Bad opinion of him. It's better to write a letter to King Lu and ask him to secretly execute Gongzijiao. After all, the strength of Lu State is too far from Qi State, and it must be handled accordingly.



On the other hand, Bao Shuya believes that Gongzi Jie can die, but Guan Zhong beside him is indeed a talented person and should be reused. This arrow is also due to orders. Guan Zhong is not at fault. If he kills him, he will regret it. Bao Shuya asked Qi Huangong to meet Guan Zhong anyway before deciding whether to kill him.


Qi Huangong was dubious, and finally decided to meet Guan Zhong. Qi Huangong was overwhelmed by Guan Zhong's talent on the spot and asked Guan Zhong to preside over the reform of Qi State, while Bao Shuya presides over Qi's internal affairs.


Under the management of Guan Zhong and Bao Shuya, Qi became the most powerful country in the Spring and Autumn Period, and laid a solid foundation for becoming the Seven Heroes of the Warring States Period.


In fact, if you are familiar with the relationship between these three people, it is easier to write this article. And you can also find a lot of material points.



First of all, at the beginning of the meeting between Bao Shuya and Guan Zhong, Guan Zhong’s greed for money and fear of death were contrary to what we advocated for intercourse with gentlemen, but it also shows that things cannot be seen simply from the surface. The real reason behind the incident should be explored.


This question can appear in the composition questions of the college entrance examination, which also shows that our current education is not blindly advocating test-oriented education, but diversified development. The continuous "Chinese Poetry Conference" and "Chinese Idioms Conference" can also see that Chinese learning has never been forgotten, but should be rooted in our culture.


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